All Posts

Smallest in Europe: What is the Smallest Country in Europe

In the realm of European geography, the saying "good things come in small packages" finds a literal embodiment. Among these tiny yet fascinating nations, Vatican City stands out as the smallest, encompassing less than a fifth of a square mile, yet rich in cultural and historical significance. Find out Top 7 smallest countries in Europe.

User Avatar

By Eglė

Published: Dec 01, 2023 min read

Smallest in Europe: What is the Smallest Country in Europe

Top 7 Smallest Countries in Europe (2023 data) 



TOTAL IN KM2 (MI2)                      



Vatican City

0.44 km2  (19 mi2




 2km2 (0.77mi2)



San Marino

61km2 (24mi2)




  160km2 (62mi2)




316km2 (122mi2)




  468km2 (181mi2)




  2,586km2 (998mi2)


*Information source (01.12.2023)

It is use to believe that small countries in size have less population but there are some case as Malta which is only 316km2 and has so many residents. Nevertheless, each tiny country has something nonparallel to offer. Let's find it out!

Smallest in Europe Countries: Vatican City 1.Vatican City

Vatican City, despite its small size (the smallest country in Europe), holds profound historical, religious, and cultural importance. Serving as the central hub of the Roman Catholic Church on a global scale, it boasts remarkable landmarks like St. Peter's Basilica and the Sistine Chapel. It's one of the must-visit attractions for art & history enthusiasts. This independent city-state, nestled within Rome, Italy, stands out with its unique features such as its own post office, radio station, and television broadcasting system, highlighting its autonomy. Furthermore, the Vatican is renowned for its exceptional Vatican Library, which houses priceless centuries-old texts and records of undeniable historical significance. 

Smallest in Europe Countries: Monaco - ratepunk2.Monaco

Despite its small size, Monaco has earned a global reputation as a tax haven, attracting thousands of affluent residents who appreciate its favorable fiscal policies. Notably, it boasts one of the world's highest GDP per capita, setting it apart in the international landscape.
Monaco is famous for the iconic Monte Carlo Casino, a symbol of opulence and high-stakes gambling. This glamorous destination epitomizes luxury and elegance, drawing visitors from around the world. Monaco hosts the annual Monaco Grand Prix, one of the most prestigious Formula One motor races globally. The thrilling event attracts racing enthusiasts and celebrities alike, adding to the city-state's allure.
One more interesting fact - Monaco holds the distinction of being the second smallest monarchy worldwide, with the Grimaldi family having ruled for over 700 years. No wonder why: where stays royals- where's luxury.  

P.S. Between the bustling cities of Nice and Monaco, you'll find a hidden gem I recommend visiting - Villefranche-sur-Mer.

Smallest in Europe Countries: San Marino - featured by RatePunk

3.San Marino

Situated inland from Italy's northeast coast, San Marino is the world's oldest sovereign state, with a constitution dating back to 1600. Its economy relies on tourism, finance, ceramics, furniture, and wine production. One of the standout attractions is the Three Towers of San Marino, medieval fortifications perched atop the peaks of Monte Titano. These towers not only serve as historical landmarks but also provide breathtaking panoramic views of the surrounding landscape, making them a must-visit for any traveler.
It's worth noting that while the country uses the Euro, it also mints its own versions of the currency, which not only serves as a source of national pride but also piques the interest of tourists, adding to the unique charm of this remarkable destination.

hotel price comparison - ratepunk mobile app & browser extension - save money travel cheap

Smallest in Europe Countries: Liechtenstein - featured by RatePunkLiechtenstein

Liechtenstein, a charming alpine nation nestled between Switzerland and Austria, is a constitutional monarchy under the rule of the Prince of Liechtenstein. This charming country stands out with its thriving and remarkably industrialized free-enterprise economy, with financial services contributing significantly to its Gross National Product.

Remarkably, Liechtenstein maintains one of the world's lowest unemployment rates, a testament to its economic stability and effective governance. Its commitment to sound financial practices has garnered global recognition.

How about tourism? The captivating landscape, with its majestic alpine vistas and nature, beckons outdoor enthusiasts and hikers. Liechtenstein also boasts well-preserved medieval castles like Vaduz Castle (pictured), which provides a glimpse into the country's rich heritage.

It's about time to know about Best Travel Apps For Europe and Europe's Budget-Friendly Airlines You Should know .

Smallest in Europe Countries: Malta, Marsaxlokk - featured by RatePunk


Malta is a captivating destination steeped in history dating back to 4000 BC, marked by the ancient megalithic temples—among the world's oldest free-standing structures.

Despite its modest size (looks like tiny piece of chedar cheese), Malta played a pivotal role during World War II, serving as a strategic base for the British. In recognition of the country's bravery in the conflict, it was awarded the George Cross.

The influence of British colonial history, which persisted until 1964, is evident in Malta's official languages: English and Maltese.

While tourism forms a significant part of its economy, Malta is also renowned for its robust finance and online gaming sectors. However, I'd lito to talk a bit more about tourism. Malta beckons visitors with its pristine diving spots in Europe. The crystal-clear Mediterranean waters offer remarkable underwater experiences, including breathtaking wrecks and vibrant marine life, making it a haven for diving enthusiasts. If you prefer staying at the beach - visit this tiny island because of its beautiful beaches such as Blue Lagoon, Golden Bay, Ramla, Melieha, and my favourite Ghajn Tuffieha Bay!

Smallest in Europe Countries: Andorra- featured by RatePunk


Andorra, a sovereign landlocked microstate between breathtaking Pyrenees mountains and bordered by Spain and France, boasts a unique blend of natural beauty and cultural richness. The heart of its economy thrives on tourism, drawing approximately 5-8 million visitors each year who are enticed by its winter sports and duty-free shopping opportunities.
Beyond its economic appeal, Andorra stands out for its robust healthcare system, contributing to one of the highest life expectancies globally. This commitment to well-being underscores the quality of life in this charming principality.

Cultural enthusiasts will find delight in the annual Andorra la Vella Festival, a vibrant celebration featuring theatrical performances, concerts, and traditional dances. This event offers a glimpse into the deep-rooted culture and lively spirit of Andorra, making it a memorable destination for visitors from around the world.

Smallest in Europe Countries: Luxembourg- featured by RatePunk


This nation is distinguished as a founding member of NATO, the European Union, and the United Nations, underscoring its significant global influence despite its compact dimensions.
Highlighting its rich cultural diversity, Luxembourg embraces three official languages: French, German, and Luxembourgish, showcasing its multicultural character and global outlook. If you know at least one of them, you can live there. 
I almost forgot that Luxembourg City, the capital, boasts an enchanting old town - a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This historical gem is celebrated for its meticulously preserved fortifications and charming old quarters, providing visitors with a captivating journey through time and a captivating glimpse into Luxembourg's rich heritage.

In summary, all these countries have something in common: people often meet friends and neighbors unexpectedly, showing how closely connected their communities are. Even though the US covers 3.8 million  million square miles and Monaco is just 3/4 square miles in size, it's amazing to see how they're part of these "small worlds." Despite their compactness, these nations have rich cultures and unique identities. I hope you find this article interesting and possibly even inspiring to visit one of the smallest countries in Europe. 

Dec 01, 2023

Leave a comment

View More Comments

Never miss out on a better rate!

Sign up to receive a desktop reminder.

Lightning Icon